FTX-601 - URODILE ZUTE KRUSKE
Folkmusic of Bosnia & Hercegovina
Recordings made by Peter Kennedy at the International Folk Music Festival held
at Opatija in 1951. The performers were specially selected as being the most
authentic, coming from the most remote villages. After 1950 it was only the
professional Communist ensemble groups, approved by the Party leaders, that
provided displays mainly for tourist entertainment, while the older traditional
customs and music disappeared or went underground for the time being.
1.URODILE ZUTE KRUSKE Dance song: mixed group from Suica, Livmo. Closed kolo
with reverse foursome in centre. Mainly white costume, men with red turban hats
and women veiled with pendant gold and silver coin decorations 0.39.
2.1. ZAPEVAJMO, DRUGARICE, GLASNO 0.22.
2.2 . ROMANIJO, VISOKA, PLANINO 0.38
2.3. ROMANIJO, VISOKOGA, VISA: Three "romanija" songs by three girls from Bandin
Odzak, Sokolac, the last being a partisan song from a more recent period. 1.07
3.1 SVATOVSKA 0.33
3.2 ZETELACKA Three part-songs by 3 women from Guca Gora, Travnik performed
at local weddings and harvest time. 028, 0.52 & 0.18
3.3 IGRA KOLO, NA VRH KOCARINE Dance song by the same group 0.31
3.4 UCETVERO Three women with 3 men in a dance in fours representing a spindle
constantly turning 1.10
3.5 SITATO "Sieve" Dance by the same group in which the dancers are passing
through a gate which separates them like the grains of flour in a sieve 0.18
3.6 ZENI MAJKA NEJAKA IVANA Movements of sadness interpret the song text 1.05
4. SVIRKA NA DVOJNICAMA "Dvejnice", shepherd double-pipe, played by Lazar Radak
from Ljubovo, Jajce. One pipe has 3, the other 4 holes, except the top hole
which has no counterpart, the holes are stopped by only 3 fingers of each hand,
the lowest tone, with the open hole of the other pipe, producing the interval
of a second, an analogous practice to that of the village polyphonic songs.
5.1 KAHARLI SAM, VECERALA NISAM "Ravne" song accompanied by the twirling of
a "tepsija", copper tray, sung by Naza Muhovic from Basici, Gacko with Hasnija
Bosic. Naza knelt on the ground and sang into the centre of the twirling tray:
Also heard are the sounds of Hasnija's rings and bangles and the sound of the
tray falling down at the end 1.58
5.2 BIBERA This is sung by six women, 3 facing 3, with actions that interpret
the cultivation of the soil 1.07
5.3 KOROMANE, JADOMANE "Singing game" type dance in which a boy, with a handkerchief
over his face, pretends to be an old man. 1.15 (Total: 4.19)
6.1 ZBOGOM OSTAJ, DEVOJACKI DVORE & OJ CURICE, JANJE MORE This is sung
by a man and a woman "na ustresalicu" (in a trilling voice) common to the Dinara
mountain region 1.49.
6.2 USPAVANKA A woman's spinning song 0.32
6.3 ZALBA ZA BRATOM A girl kneels and sings an improvised lament 0.47
6.4 BOSANKA (1.07) A "ganga" duet song in which one sings the words and the
other accompanies with the "gm" (ganga sound). All the singers come from Orgue,
Livno. 1.07 (Total: 4 19)
7.1 TERZIJE Another singing game type, not unlike the British "Roman Soldiers",
in which 2 lines of 6 boys and 6 girls advance on each other to take "prisoners".
Here it is regarded as a wedding dance portraying the elopement of the bride-to-be
because of parental objection 1.27
7.2 KOJ ' ZA KOLO Dance in which the leader invites the others to join him
7.3 POIGRAVAJ PAVLE - PAUN PASE A wedding dance with interpretation gestures
by a group from Duzi, Trebinja. 0.55 (Total: 3.43)
8.1 GAJDE Circular dance accompanied by a violin imitating the sound of the "gajde" bagpipes with both men and women wearing long black pantaloons 1.04
8.2 DJUDJUR POPA Humorous dance usually performed during Lent with singing
and violin 1.35
8.3 KOLENIKE VRETENO Spindle dance imitating spinning 0.55
8.4 ZUTA ZABA Another hunorous dance with slow "scooping" movements. All from
Vijaka, Vares. 2.25 (Total: 6.04).
9. SVIRKA "Diple" shepherd pipe, played by Stipe Bakula from Posusje, Siroki
Brijeg, has no bourdon, its drones are doubled and the chanter has an augmented
beating reed. 1.00
10. U PARTIJI I JANJE MOJE Two part song by two girls from Prud, Basanski Samac.
11.1 ALIJA SE DO JEZERA KRADE 2.40
11.2 GOROM JEZDE KICENI SVATOVI 3.15
11.3 SASTALI SE CAPLJINSKI TATARI Three town songs by Jasim Magic accompanying
himself on the "brac" from Sanki Most. It has 4 strings tuned GBEE, the first
string being doubled. 1.30 (Total: 7.27)
12. OSLOBODENJE SIPOVA Epic ballad of the National Liberation movement sung
by Lazar Radak accompanying himself on the one-string "gusle" from Ljubovo,
Jacje in typical S. Hercegovinian and Montenegrin style. 4.37
Recorded by Peter Kennedy, September 1951 with the aid of The Yugoslav Council
for Science & Culture. First published on Folktrax cassettes 1977.