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This World Music Course introduced by Alan Lomax, the leader of the team who put it together in the 1960s, was originally titled "Cantometrics - the measure of song". As "Folk Song Style and Culture" it was published by The American Assocation for the Advancement of Science in 1968 and in 1976, the team published the recorded samples from the Lomax field recordings as well as others from outstanding international field collections, and thus produced an ethno-musicology course with tests for researchers and students. So now, "Music from around the World" is available on 8 CDs together with a ninth forming a final Graduation CD. Peter Kennedy used this course with his students at Dartington College of Arts from 1972 and found it particularly successful in all three: Art, Music and Theatre depts.

INTERVAL SIZE (21) - Like the embellishments of which they form a part, narrow intervals seem to be most frequent where there is much social stratification. The explanation may be that in a situation where one is continually addressing a person of higher or lower status restraints are imposed on the interaction so that it proceeds carefully- in small steps.


OVERALL RHYTHM - VOCAL (11) - The degree of regularity in vocal rhythm seems to be a function of the degree of indulgence in child rearing. In cultures where infants are not indulged, regular rhythms tend to be more frequent, whereas indulgence of infants is associated with irregular meters. This might be seen as preparation for the patterns of adult life, since developed states and animal herding, which depend upon discipline and order, weakly predict regular meter. Irregular meter on the other hand is significantly more frequent in relatively simple, pre-animal husbandry economies; it also weakly predicts low stratification.

PHRASE LENGTH (17) - The strong social correlations of phrase length are with child rearing - short phrases with severe, long phrases with indulgent systems, and medium length phrases with a high demand for obedience. This might be interpreted to mean that cultures which do not limit the child's social input establish a preference for long drawn-out phrasing; whereas those societies which demand quick, brief responses from children set the stage for the short phrases. This speculation is all the more interesting since both symmetry and rhythmic regularity, two other controls of interaction, seem also strongly linked to variations in childhood experience.


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